According to the CDC and the NCHS (National Vital Statistics System) an estimated 11,300 newborn babies annually die the day they are born in the United States. This equates to 50% more first-day deaths than all other industrialized countries combined. According to the CDC the IMR (Infant Mortality Rate) in the United States averages 5.9 deaths per 1,000 births per year, with Virginia holding at a slightly higher rate of 6.1 deaths out of 1,000 in the past 5 years. In 2016, Virginia had over 600 newborn deaths, with close to 50 of those deaths in the Charlottesville Planning District, which includes surrounding areas such as Palmyra, Culpepper, Green, and Albemarle counties.
Two-thirds of infant deaths occur in the neonatal period, which lasts from birth to the first 27 days of life. Premature birth is one of the biggest contributors to the IMR. Other leading causes of infant mortality include birth asphyxia, pneumonia, term birth complications such as abnormal presentation of the fetus, umbilical cord prolapse, defects that threaten proper development of internal organs, prolonged labor, neonatal infection, diarrhea, malaria, measles, and malnutrition. Lack of access to health care, poor maternal health, and prenatal and postnatal care all contribute to infant mortality. With our current healthcare crisis, families without direct access to insurance are at a higher risk of being unable to afford postmortem services and costs, and even with insurance, not everything is covered.
In the links below, we have provided examples of infant mortality rates as a whole, and by cause, as well as a study led by the CDC regarding mortality effects and challenges. All information has been researched and statistical information has been acquired through the CDC to provide an in-depth look at what the current IMR rate averages consist of. We hope that by providing such information you can gain insight into the problem facing these unexpected circumstances. These can be overwhelming times, where the thought of having to provide burial services for a child are not even on a parents mind. The statistics show just how many of these beautiful newborns are unfortunately lost each year.
NCHS National Vital Statistics System Quarterly Provisional Estimates 2016
Fetal Mortality Effects and Challenges CDC Case Study
CDC Fetal Moralities by cause